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|Английский язык для языковых вузов Автор David N. Издательство Cambridge University Press|
The most convenient measure of power is probably code size. The point of high-level languages is to give you bigger abstractions-- bigger bricks, as it were, so you don't need as many to build a wall of a given size. So the more powerful the language, the shorter the program (not simply in characters, of course, but in distinct elements). How does a more powerful language enable you to write shorter programs? One technique you can use, if the language will let you, is something called bottom-up programming. Instead of simply writing your application in the base language, you build on top of the base language a language for writing programs like yours, then write your program in it. The combined code can be much shorter than if you had written your whole program in the base language-- indeed, this is how most compression algorithms work. A bottom-up program should be easier to modify as well, because in many cases the language layer won't have to change at all. Code size is important, because the time it takes to write a program depends mostly on its length ...
|Task-Based Language Teaching|
Task-Based Language Teaching offers a comprehensive and up-to-date appraisal of the field.
|Task-Based Language Learning and Teaching|
The book shows how research and task-based teaching can mutually inform each other and illuminate the areas of task-based course design, methodology, and assessment.
|Task-Based Language Education: From Theory to Practice|
The book contains a substantial body of new research from Flanders, where the implementation of TBLT has been a nationwide project for the past fifteen years in primary, secondary and adult education.
|Network-based Language Teaching: Concepts and Practice|
The paperback edition provides a critical collection of recent research in on-line communication for second language learning, including uses of e-mail, real-time writing, and the Web.
|Oxford Key Concepts for the Language Classroom Focus On Content Based Language Teaching|
|Vocabulary Learning Through Task-Based Instruction. A New Teaching Approach--- An Experiment to EFL Learners|
That is, during the classes, students only listen to the teacher without a lot of interactions between teacher and students, or between students and students.
|A Study of Task-based Learning and Teaching in a Large EFL Class|
Previous studies have tried to show the effectiveness of task-based learning and teaching.
|The Ins and Outs of Online Negotiation of Meaning Using Language Learning Tasks Task-Based Computer-Mediated Negotiation in an EFL Context.|
The causes of these negotiations varied in the chat scripts but they were mainly content and lexical triggers.
|Teaching Grammar Through Literature. A Task-based Approach|
They are also implemented and, as the results show, they are regarded by the students as effective and motivating ways of teaching grammar through literature.
|Doing Task-based Teaching|
It takes account of research into language learning, and is ideal for both practising teachers and those on TEFL/TESOL courses.
|Approaches & Methods in Language Teaching|
This new edition surveys the major approaches and methods in language teaching.
|Changing Language Teaching Through Language Testing: A Washback Study|
Despite persistent assertions of washback (the influence of testing on teaching and learning) limited research studies have been undertaken on the subject.
|A Washback Study Changing Language Teaching Through Language Testing:|
Even fewer studies have made use of quantitative and qualitative methods to examine washback.
|Cooperative Learning & Second Language Teaching|
Part II is a series of six narrative chapters written by teachers from around the world.
|Curriculum Development in Language Teaching|
Discussion activities throughout the book enable it to be used as a reference text for teachers and administrators.
|Management in English Language Teaching|
This book is the first to provide a comprehensive and practical introduction to these areas written specifically for those working in the field of English language teaching.
|Snow in the Kitchen ELT (English Language Teaching) Edition|
|A-Z Of ELT (English Language Teaching)|
It describes language teaching techniques and theories and summarises the major issues and debates associated with each concept.
|Challenge and Change in Language Teaching|
|Framework for Task-Based Learning|