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Экономическая теория          Автор Markus H.          Издательство Книга по Требованию

A theoretical approach to determine strategies when companies face uncertainty Supply Function Equilibria and Applications to Electricity Markets.
72 стр. мягкая обложка

автор:Markus H.
издательство: Книга по Требованию
цена:1897 руб
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The theoretical approaches of these supply function models are finally linked to applications to electricity markets. There has been a long debate among economists whether it is more reasonable to think that firms choose prices as strategic variables or quantities. It is also analyzed if the concept of supply function equilibria is valid in reality. A firm may not want to commit to one of these simple types of strategies if uncertainty is introduced since there may be decisions which must possibly be made in advance and can not be made after the resolution of the uncertainty. It is shown that choosing a supply function is superior to standard approaches since firms are able to react in a better way to changing market conditions compared to a situation where price or quantity is fixed, as stipulated by Bertrand or Cournot competition, respectively. This book analyzes the behaviour of firms in a world of uncertainty on a basis of three famous contributions to the topic supply functions. The supply function, which is implicitly determined by these decisions, relates the quantity a firm will produce to the price the market will create.

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These applications take raw video data from a video device such as a camera or TV card, and convert it to one of the standard MPEG formats or to a still image format, such as JPEG or GIF. Fedora does not supply any encoder applications (other than ppmtompeg, which encodes MPEG-1 video), but you can find them at or another online source (see the "Reference" section at the end of this chapter). Viewing Video in Linux Because of the patent and licensing issues mentioned earlier, the capability to play video files has been removed from Fedora. This functionality can be restored if you install the full version of the applications described in this section from FreshRPMs at There you can find multimedia applications such as Ogle, Xine, AlsaPlayer, Gstreamer, Grip, Mplayer, VCDImager, VideoLAN-client, Xmms, and Zapping. You can use Linux software to watch TV, save individual images (take snapshots) from a televised broadcast, save a series of snapshots to build animation sequences, or capture video, audio, or both ...

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